Browse through any of the tips below, straight from Gate Safe's Technical & Training Advisor, Rob Williams.

  • Focus on finger guards
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    ROB’S TOP TIPS
    Focus on finger guards

    The purpose of a finger guard on an automated gate is to deliver added safety to the device, by restricting potential access (especially by children) between the gate post and the gate itself and reducing the risk of becoming caught between the exposed hinge and the gate.

    However, just as an incorrectly sited photocell will fail to offer the desired added safety protection, a poorly fitted finger guard may actually result in creating a trap hazard to the gate. For optimum results, the finger guard should always be protruding outwards. If the protective shield is bulging inwards, the efficacy of the guard is compromised and here is a chance that a finger / hand could still become trapped.

    Whilst on the subject of finger guards, it is important to remember that these should always be removed as part of any routine maintenance check to enable the condition of hinges to be thoroughly assessed. Remember hinges should always feature bearings rather than grease which can attract dust and cause operating problems resulting in excessive wear to the hinge pin. Gate Safe is aware of a clear plastic finger guard which obviously offers improved visibility of the condition of any hinges, however, the guard should still be removed at the time of inspection.
  • Horizontal photocells
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    ROB’S TOP TIPS
    Horizontal photocells


    It is generally standard practice to fit photocells vertically, but there are occasions when restrictions on space dictate the need to mount a photocell in a horizontal guise.

    A recent site visit to a property in North London revealed an important issue which can potentially arise when wireless photocells are installed horizontally. Vibration can affect the battery casing and the batteries can eventually become dislodged, resulting in a failure in the gate’s operating system (the gate should cease to operate if the safety device fails).

    On speaking to the manufacturer of the photocell, the following advice has been issued specifically in relation to photocells that are being installed horizontally, to ensure their continued efficient operation:

    • If permanent power is not an option, adapt the fixing to ensure the battery remains fixed
    • To prevent any water ingress (more likely in a horizontally installed photocell) apply a small bead of silicone along the exposed join of the photocell
  • Laser Scanner - An improved approach to the safety of automated gates
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    Laser Scanner - An improved approach to the safety of automated gates


    As the lead charity associated with raising awareness of the safety considerations in relation to automated gates, Gate Safe is constantly reviewing new technologies and new products which might deliver an improved level of protection to protect against potential injury. We all hope that one day, safety measures for powered gates will have evolved to a level which totally anticipates any risk of an accident.

    I recently met with a laser scanner supplier to review the capabilities of a product which projects four laser curtains fields in front or behind a gate or barrier. The laser scanner concept is based on tried and tested technology which has been in existence for over 10 years. If the laser curtain is broken, the gate / barrier will halt and if required, will return. Gate Safe has always maintained that the very best form of safety is when a gate is prevented from touching a person. The laser scanner detection system achieves this, covering a much broader spectrum than a single photo-cell.

    For me, the beauty of this device is that each curtain can trigger a different response for the gate / barrier. Example, three curtains can be focused on safety and one can be configured to represent a virtual switch activated when the curtain is interrupted in a certain place.
    Some laser versions can be installed to act as a ground loop to enable free exit, whilst also providing an added safety device under the boom. This avoids the expense of running cables underground and the associated disruption of digging up a road, which will is definitely an added-value for the end customer.

    The scanner clearly offers some useful ‘added extras’ and definitely delivers a full safety of the leaf for any automated gate installation, detecting small objects or persons. Other bonuses are that it requires minimal maintenance: you simply need to keep the lens clean. The scanner is rated IP65, operates in extreme temperatures from – 30oC to + 60oC. Any other security features like force or speed limitation are not needed.

    The equipment is supplied with a 2-year warranty although the expected life expectancy is close to 20 years. The price point is circa £1200 but be aware that this does not include labour costs to install the device. That said, this is not dissimilar to the cost of pressure edges.

    Installation is easy and is carried out using a hand-held programmer but if necessary a support during the installation can be available.

    Gate Safe would strongly recommend all installers give this device serious consideration. For more details visit http://www.bea-industrial.be/en/products/product-range/lzr-i100/
  • Mind the gap…
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    Mind the gap!

    Salford City Council has been fined £20,000 after a six-year-old boy with autism and learning difficulties lost the tips of three fingers when his hand became trapped in a school gate in 2012. The incident occurred because there had been a failure to fit a guard over the gate hinges, despite the fact that the risk assessment on the gate had revealed that staff needed to be vigilant and supervise children through the gates. The gap in question reduced from 8mm to nothing … Gate Safe speculates that there are many other gates in operation within a school environment that also feature gaps that reduce enough to represent a significant risk. So our advice to everyone is check those gaps!

    However, the blame cannot simply be placed on the school. I did a survey at another school last week and identified an automatic gate that was decidedly unsafe. The school was under the impression that they had been supplied a “new” gate but in reality it was second hand! It would seem that purchasers not only need to spell out that they want a CE marked gate, they also want a newly manufactured one!

    Regular maintenance is critical to ensure a safe and compliant automated gate. Most gates should be maintained a minimum of every six months (more frequently for gates which are exposed to exceptionally heavy usage) by a Gate Safe Aware installer who has undergone the requisite specialist training to demonstrate the necessary skills and knowledge to appreciate the requirements of a safe automated gate installation.
  • Power outage? Problem sorted…
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    Power outage? Problem sorted!

    Here’s a simple yet highly effective response to dealing with the frustrating (and possibly dangerous) problem associated with manually releasing an automatic gate in the event of a power cut.

    Rather than waste precious time trying to find the manual release keys / key holder, why not supply a neat key safe which contains the keys with every gate sold? The safe can be installed on the post or adjacent to the post and all gate users should be notified of the safe code. That way they will have instant access to the release key if the power fails.
  • Check those safety edges…
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    Check those safety edges

    Gate Safe has received information claiming that in certain circumstances the effectiveness of safety edges can be compromised as a result of a fault between the safety edge controller and the gate controller, resulting in the loss of the safety function.

    Let’s keep it simple, all edges should be checked weekly to ensure that they are working. There is no need for a weekly engineer visit, simply position something in front of the various edges when the gate is operating and make sure that the gate stops and backs off when it comes into contact with the object.

    Taking the time out do this on a weekly basis will ensure you have a safe gate!
  • Maintenance Matters…
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    Maintenance Matters


    Regular maintenance is critical to ensure a safe and compliant automated gate. Most gates should be maintained a minimum of every six months (more frequently for gates which are exposed to exceptionally heavy usage) by a Gate Safe Aware installer who has undergone the requisite specialist training to demonstrate the necessary skills and knowledge to appreciate the requirements of a safe automated gate installation.

    Just as you need to keep an eye on how a car is running in between formal services, anyone who has responsibility for an automated gate must be prepared to review the condition of the gate on a regular basis, outside of the biannual services.

    Here is a simple checklist detailing the important factors influencing the safety of an automated gate – we recommend that these checks should be made formally on a monthly basis. However, we would also encourage anyone that uses the gate to keep an eye out for any signs of damage / excessive wear and tear.

    • Are the photocells clean and clear of any debris which could hinder their ability to track a moving object? Excessive plant growth, litter, leaves, even snow can seriously compromise the efficiency of a photocell?
    • Are the photocells operating correctly on an opening and closing cycle?
    • Are the hinges of the gate able to move with ease? Consider whether there is a need to lubricate the hinges or any other moving parts / does the gate move freely when operating?
    • Are there any visible signs of wear and tear? This would include any deterioration in the rubber that features on the safety pressure edges or hinge protectors?
    • Is the control box still intact? No loose wires? No obvious signs of any ingress of dust / water?
    • Is the warning sign on the gate still legible? If fitted, is the warning light / audible signal in working order?
    • Are you able to release the gate manually? Is the manual release key easy to access?

    If you are unsure of any of the above requirements, please contact your nearest Gate Safe Aware installer, find them HERE
  • Emergency stop button
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    Do I need an emergency stop button?

    Many people ask if an emergency stop button is mandatory on an automated gate system.

    The Machinery Directive states that an emergency button should be fitted.

    BUT this is pertinent to a machine shop type of equipment such as a lathe or pillar drill which only operates in one direction.

    See excerpt below from the Directive:

    1.2.4.3. Emergency stopMachinery must be fitted with one or more emergency stop devices to enable actual or impending danger to be averted.The following exceptions apply:— machinery in which an emergency stop device would not lessen the risk, either because it would not reduce the stopping time or because it would not enablethe special measures required to deal with the risk to be taken,


    Gate Safe believes that in normal situations the fitting of a stop button is not appropriate.

    Why?

    Consider the unfortunate scenario of someone being trapped in an automatic gate. In this instance, the activation of the emergency stop would disable the system but not help release the victim. The gate would be stopped from moving if a further open or close signal was received, or indeed if any safety circuits were activated intended to move the gate away.

    Therefore, activating an emergency stop button could potentially trap someone, as it would stop the gate from moving away and releasing pressure on the victim.

    Such devices should only be used if it is possible to move the gate with ease when the motor is not running (non-locking motors, for example) or the stop control also reverts the gate a few centimetres.

    Even then they may create a security risk if they have been activated in error or as a result of an act of malice.

    Always remember to carry out a residual risk assessment when fitting any equipment and consider all the various scenarios that could lead to an accident!
  • Welding on site
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    Welding on site

    Part of Gate Safe’s remit is to carry out independent surveys on existing automated gate systems. During such a survey, one of our first priorities is to look at the actual physical structure of the gate.

    In the case of swing gates, our attention would firstly focus on the hinges and support posts. Our findings are often worrying, especially if the hinges have been adapted from one type of operator to another, for example changing from an underground motor to a ram. This would entail a lot of welding and fabrication on site and which ultimately results in a considerable level of structural change to the gates.

    We have come across numerous cases where the hinges have not been welded strongly enough, possibly because they are welded by unqualified engineers. This results in cracks in the posts or hinges and misalignment of the leaves, which can instigate a significant risk of the gates falling over, especially if in addition, one of the hinges is inverted.

    We strongly advocate that welding is best carried out in the workshop rather than on site and always by a suitably qualified NVQ level 2 welder. This would allow proper testing and inspection and would guarantee a stronger – and therefore safer end result. If this is not possible, then thorough checks should be carried out post the welding. Consideration should also be given to the use of extra safety supports such as a gate tether or a third hinge.

    Always remember, the failure of one component in an automated gate installation can lead to a catastrophic and potentially tragic outcome …
  • Logic functions with a safety upgrade
    ROB'S TOP TIPS
    Logic functions with a safety upgrade


    Part of Gate Safe’s remit is to carry out independent surveys on existing automated gate systems. During such a survey, one of our first priorities is to look at the actual physical structure of the gate.

    In the case of swing gates, our attention would firstly focus on the hinges and support posts. Our findings are often worrying, especially if the hinges have been adapted from one type of operator to another, for example changing from an underground motor to a ram. This would entail a lot of welding and fabrication on site and which ultimately results in a considerable level of structural change to the gates.

    We have come across numerous cases where the hinges have not been welded strongly enough, possibly because they are welded by unqualified engineers. This results in cracks in the posts or hinges and misalignment of the leaves, which can instigate a significant risk of the gates falling over, especially if in addition, one of the hinges is inverted.

    We strongly advocate that welding is best carried out in the workshop rather than on site and always by a suitably qualified NVQ level 2 welder. This would allow proper testing and inspection and would guarantee a stronger – and therefore safer end result. If this is not possible, then thorough checks should be carried out post the welding. Consideration should also be given to the use of extra safety supports such as a gate tether or a third hinge.

    Always remember, the failure of one component in an automated gate installation can lead to a catastrophic and potentially tragic outcome …
  • 3 gate accidents in 2 weeks, 0 excuse!
    ROB'S TOP TIPS
    3 gate accidents in 2 weeks, 0 excuse
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    In a chilling reminder of the events of 2010, when two children were killed in separate automated gate accidents in a space of 11 days, almost 9 years later Gate Safe is aware of reports of three accidents involving manual sliding gates over a course of two weeks. Thankfully there have been no fatalities reported but the three cases all point to the same failure to observe a critical safety protocol for sliding gates – whether they are in automatic or manual operation – which relates to the fitting of end stops.

    In normal automatic operation most, sliding gates position themselves at the open and closed positions by the use of limit switches or encoders. In the event of these failing or becoming damaged it is possible for the gate to potentially continue running further than it should and missing the support posts. This will result in derailment or the leaf falling over and causing serious injury or worse – as was evidenced by the tragic death of Jill Lunn in Norwich in April 2013. This could very easily happen on a manually operated gate, or on an automated gate which has been put into manual operation. Indeed, one of the recently reported cases involved a sliding gate in a school setting, that had been changed from an automated to manual operation. The gate over-ran and fell on a child causing a serious but thankfully not fatal injury. It is absolutely imperative that there are multiple physical stops fitted in both the open and close positions so that in an unexpected situation the gate cannot over run the correct position and travel out of its guides. These stops need to sufficiently strong and fitted correctly to negate the possibility of the gate over travelling.

    Gates found without end stops should be taken out of service until remedial works have been carried out and need to be securely held in a position that ensures that no accidental movement can occur until the necessary corrections have been made.
    Commenting on the worrying spate of sliding gate accidents, Ian Ripley, CEO of the Association of Fencing Installers (AFI) said, “We would urge all of our members to take the Gate Safe training to help them fully understand the key risks associated with sliding gates – whether they are manual or automated – and more importantly, to ensure that they take the appropriate action to mitigate against such risks to prevent the occurrence of any further accidents. As professionals in our field, we must lead the way to encourage best practice - in line with Gate Safe’s recommendations – to safeguard our customers and the general public.”

    In addition to fitting end stops there are other risks with sliding gates such as a single point failure, for more advice on this and additional risks associated with manual gates in general, refer to the Gate Safe website or contact us info@gate-safe.org or call 01303 840 117.


    Gate Safe is committed to raising awareness of the relevant steps to be taken to ensure the safety of ALL gates (not exclusively automated gates).
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Gate Safe
Beverlea, Clavertye,
Elham, Canterbury
Kent. CT4 6YE

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The guidance and recommendations on this website represent our interpretation of advice based on information from HSE, British Standards and relevant UK legislation. It is not a definitive statement and should be used in conjunction with your own risk assessment of the specific site prior to undertaking any works. GSSC Ltd take no responsibility for any works carried out by the Gate Safe Aware Installers or for any installations carried out using the information and advice given on this website. All content, trade marks, downloads and images are copyright Gate Safe GSSC Ltd

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